A ritually impure priest may bring communal offerings according to Torah law, but is this a full permit or just an exception due to the exigent needs of the community? The golden frontplate of the High Priest atones for offerings brought by ritually impure priests, whether on behalf of individuals or the community. This suggests that the Torah allows such offerings without offering a full permit. Rabbi Shimon and Rabbi Yehuda debate whether the frontplate atones at all times, or only when it’s actually worn by the High Priest?
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