Women punished by death in childbirth for three sins: negligence in Shabbos lights, challah and marital purity laws. Men undergo analogous trial at the hands of the Heavenly Court whenever their life is endangered, whether by illness, war, ship at sea or other calamity. Is this hyporbole? Is it true? What do we gain when consider an illness a time of reckoning, a weighing of our merits against our sins?