Chutzpah is...

A certain pauper and his brother visited the famous Jewish philanthropist Baron Rothschild every month. 

Each would receive 5 pounds. The brother died, and the next month the pauper came alone. 

Rothschild's secretary handed him the usual 5 pounds.

"You've made a mistake. I get 5 for me and 5 for my brother."

"Your brother died. This is your 5."

"What do you mean?" exclaimed the pauper, as he drew himself up indignantly. "Am I my brother's heir, or is Rothschild?"

Image: Nathan Meyer Rothschild (who used a considerable part of his fortune to help end slavery and slave-trading in England).